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Spring in North Cyprus

Tour Code: CYP01

An 8-day natural history holiday to the fascinating Turkish part of the island of Cyprus, to enjoy its spring flowers and bird migration.

8 days from £1495(inc flights) Land Only Price: £1245 SRS: £150

North Cyprus has an astonishing diversity of plants and at the time of our tour the land is ablaze with colour; the diversity of orchids, in particular, will excite keen botanists. This is a 2-centre holiday and our first base will be near the delightful fishing harbour of Girne. From here we’ll botanise on the foothills and wooded slopes of the Besparmak Mountains and watch for flurries of migrant birds including harriers, larks, pipits, warblers and flycatchers. During the second part of the tour we’ll be based on the far eastern tip of North Cyprus where we’ll explore maquis scrub and hope to see birds such as Little Crake and Pied Kingfisher in wetland areas, as well as aquatic plants.

  • Over 1,250 plant species in North Cyprus
  • 30 species of orchid including the endemic Cyprus Bee Orchid
  • Visit towering Crusader forts & ruins of the Roman city of Salamis
  • Water Rail & Little Bittern, plus Purple & Squacco Herons
  • Carpets of anemones, Crown Daisy & the endemic EM>Ophrys kotschyi/EM>
  • Spectacular migrant bird ‘falls’ near Cape Andreas
  • Enjoy tavernas & exploring the cobbled medieval streets of Girne
  • This tour can be combined with our ‘The Island of Cyprus’ holiday
  • Led by expert naturalist guides



All included in the price.


Comfortable hotels, all rooms with private facilities.

Ophrys kotschyi  (Jenny Willsher)

Ophrys kotschyi (Jenny Willsher)

Outline Itinerary Download

Day 1 Fly Larnaca and transfer to Girne

Day 2/4 A daily programme of natural history walks from our base near Girne

Day 5/7 A daily programme of natural history walks from our base near Yeni Erenkoy

Day 8 Fly London

Separated by both politics and religion from the south of ‘Aphrodite’s island’, North Cyprus has always retained a distinctive identity, its economy supported by the production of cereals, grapes, citrus fruits and potatoes on the fertile Mesaoria Plain. The Mediterranean charm of the region is epitomised by a sprinkling of little villages which seem barely to have been changed by the passage of time. However, inevitably, as in so many other parts of the Mediterranean, the last few years have seen an increase in tourism to the island and plenty of development, although there are still many areas of outstanding natural beauty to be found here, such as the dramatic scenery and forests surrounding the Crusader castles and the stretches of pristine coastline at Silver Beach. In addition, this is an island that has witnessed over 8,000 years of civilisation and its history can be traced through the many Roman and other monuments and ruins still evident in the countryside.

North Cyprus is renowned in the botanical world for the astonishing diversity of its flora. Over 1,250 plant species have been identified, a number of which are endemic to the country. From February to May the land is ablaze with colour, the components of this floral mosaic changing in tone and form as the season advances. The 30 or so species of wild orchid are particularly coveted by botanists and representatives of this exotic family include the stunning endemic Cyprus Bee Orchid (EM>Ophrys kotschyi/EM>). The avifauna is also of great interest, the north of the island sharing with the south the presence of two endemic birds, the Cyprus Warbler and the Cyprus Wheatear. During the extended period of spring migration huge numbers of birds pass through Cyprus heading to northern breeding areas. At such times the interesting selection of resident species is augmented by an ever-changing variety of migrants, adding an exciting unpredictability to every excursion.

This is a 2-centre holiday and our first base for this exploration of North Cyprus is near the delightful seaside town of Girne, formerly known as Kyrenia. A lively fishing harbour, around which are scattered numerous inviting tavernas, and a network of cobbled medieval streets, lend a timeless attraction to Girne, and these picturesque qualities are enhanced by the peaks of the Besparmak Mountains which rise inland from the town. Our field activities will focus initially on the abundant flora of the foothills and wooded slopes of these mountains, but during our stay we will also be looking for migrant birds at various coastal locations and wetlands.

A wealth of historical sites provides diversions from the natural history and our programme will be flexible in order to accommodate a little of the history of the region alongside our botanical and ornithological activities. Towering Crusader forts and ancient monasteries compete for our attention with reminders of the Roman era, such as the ruins of Salamis city near Famagusta, which many historians regard as the best preserved examples of Roman architecture in the eastern Mediterranean. Flowers thrive here amid the ruins and we should find such orchids as EM>Serapias parviflora/EM>, EM>S. orientalis/EM>, EM>S. vomeracae/EM>, EM>Orchis simia/EM> and many Ophrys species amongst the colourful profusion of poppies, Crown Daisies (EM>Chrysanthemum coronarium/EM>), endemic EM>Gladiolus triphyllos/EM> and handsome spikes of Giant Fennel (EM>Ferula communis/EM>).

During the second part of the tour we will search for migrants on the eastern peninsula, near Cape Andreas. Falls can be spectacular and we will watch out for possible Pallid and Montagu’s Harriers, Short-toed Larks, Tawny Pipits, warblers, chats, wagtails and perhaps Wrynecks and flycatchers too. On other days we will wander in the Kyrenia Mountains, a stretch of cliffs and pinnacles of hard limestone, dolomite and marble which forms a dramatic spine-like formation. On the peaks Calabrian Pine and Italian Cypress forests are interspersed with valleys of typical maquis scrub consisting of Arbutus, Myrtus, Laurus and EM>Quercus coccifera/EM>. Between the mountains and the rich alluvial central plain lies a hilly area containing reservoirs which are often very productive for birdwatching and aquatic plants. Here we should find Little Crake, Water Rail, Little Bittern, Purple and Squacco Heron, Garganey and possible migrants among the reeds.

Early April is one of the best periods to botanise in North Cyprus and among the species we will be expecting to find will be carpets of EM>Anemone coronaria/EM>, EM>Cyclamen persicum/EM>, Crown Daisy, and many orchids that are typical of the eastern Mediterranean, such as the yellow EM>Orchis morio/EM> ssp. EM>syriaca/EM>, EM>Ophrys scolopax/EM> ssp. EM>lapethica/EM>, EM>O. bornmulleri/EM>, EM>O. levantina/EM> and of course the endemic EM>Ophrys kotschyi/EM>. At this season it seems as if every available space is occupied by a profusion of wild flowers providing both a wonderful spectacle and a delight for botanists. Whilst the myriad of blooms are unfurling to welcome a new spring, it is also a period of transition for birds as wintering species are replaced by the newly arrived migrants from Africa.

View back to Kyrenia (Andy Harding)Marsh Harrier (Alan Outen)Ornithogalum umbellatumOpen air breadmaking (Andy Harding)Serpias LevantinaRufous-tailed Rock Thrush (Andy Harding)Chrysanthemum coronariumSalamis RuinsBrassica hilarionisAdonis annuaPallid Harrier (Alan Outen)Golden Sands Turtle BeachAnthamis tricolorGirneOphrys kotschyi (Jenny Wilsher)Rumex cypriusFeruca communisBirding (Andy Harding)Black Francolin (Alan Outen)Blue Rock Thrush (Andy Harding)Common Cranes (Alan Outen)Crested Lark (Alan Outen)Kyrenia Harbour (Andy Harding)Masked Shrike (Alan Outen)Mountains above Kyrenia (Andy Harding)Red-rumped Swallow (Alan Outen)Ruins at Salamis (Andy Harding)Spanish Sparrow (Alan Outen)Woodchat Shrike (Alan Outen)Wryneck (Andy Harding)Audouin's Gull (Alan Outen)Rumex cypriusOphrys atticaHyoscyamus aureusCyprus WarblerSalamis
Tour leaders were outstanding, knowledgeable naturalists, patient and willing to share and explain things. Very impressed. The holiday was well paced. Time to enjoy things and reflect and we still saw lots of stuff - properly, not tick and rush! Local agent was very good, everything ran smoothly.
Andy and Alan - very knowledgeable and made sure everyone saw most things. Weather - good most of the time which helps for butterflies. Plenty of migrating birds plus lots of alternative flora and fauna.
Leaders were friendly, expert and professional, made sure everyone saw as much as they wanted to, and stayed happy. They worked very hard to achieve this. Great to have information (and visits) on historical sites and the history of the island and its culture.
Small group, got to know everybody well. Large bus for trips - we could spread out and all have a window seat if required. Bottled water on tap! Always appreciated. Huge knowledge of Andy and Alan, good mix of birds, flowers and culture. Overall content, company and attention and care from leaders made the trip a great success.
The flora was novel to me and was extremely varied. The plant leader was very knowledgeable and demonstrated the finer distinction very ably. Both contributed to presentation of Amphibia, reptiles and insects.
Altogether a superb trip with plenty of good humour as well as serious iteration of species identification. Thank you!
Mr W
Both leaders were outstanding for their knowledge, enthusiasm and communication skills.
Both Andy and Alan were first class, good humoured, patient and absolutely on top of their subjects.
Both the trip leaders, Alan and Andy, were exceptional, both with their knowledge and leadership. Nothing was too much trouble.
Jenny, John and Gulay all did excellent jobs.
The knowledge, commitment, good humour and helpfulness of Jenny and John Willsher were outstanding - faultless.
Trip leaders: both outstandingly helpful, patient and skilled in their profession. They made the holiday.
Gulay was truly superb - she thought of everything and drove superbly.
This was my first led wildlife holiday. It exceeded my high expectations. Jenny is an expert, enthusiastic and diligent botanist - a delight to be with. Gulay was keen to deliver the best possible experiences to the group. Her driving was remarkable and she set up a meal with her family's restaurant, contriving to have the traditional bread being taken out of the traditional oven just as our group arrived - splendid!
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Wed 3rd April 2019 - Wed 10th April 2019



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Flights: Flights are included in the tour costMore info

Regional Departures: Regional Departures are available. Call 01962 733051 for detailsMore info

Land only cost: £1245 More info

Room sharing options: More info

Visiting: Cyprus

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Kerrie Porteous
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Tour Reviews

Tour leaders were outstanding, knowledgeable naturalists, patient and willing to share and explain things. Very impressed. The holiday was well paced. Time to enjoy things and reflect and we still saw lots of stuff - properly, not tick and rush! Local agent was very good, everything ran smoothly.
D.B., Somerset